9 september 2011: Bron: Support Care Cancer. 2011 Aug 5.

Wanneer kankerpatienten gember nemen naast de chemokuren die ze moeten ondergaan hebben deze patienten veel minder last van misselijkheid en overgeven dan wanneer ze geen gember nemen. Dit blijkt uit een grote placebo gecontroleerde gerandomiseerde studie bij 576 kankerpatienten. Eerdere studies bewezen al vaker dat gember misselijkheid veroorzaakt door chemo kan tegengaan. Wanneer zouden de ziekenhuizen nu eens standaard gewoon wat gember geven aan patienten die chemo krijgen? Hier het abstract van de studie.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces acute chemotherapy-induced nausea: a URCC CCOP study of 576 patients

Support Care Cancer. 2011 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces acute chemotherapy-induced nausea: a URCC CCOP study of 576 patients.

Source

Departments of Dermatology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Box 697, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA, julie_ryan@urmc.rochester.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Despite the widespread use of antiemetics, nausea continues to be reported by over 70% of patients receiving chemotherapy.

METHODS:

In this double blind, multicenter trial, we randomly assigned 744 cancer patients to four arms: 1) placebo, 2) 0.5 g ginger, 3) 1.0 g ginger, or 4) 1.5 g ginger. Nausea occurrence and severity were assessed at a baseline cycle and the two following cycles during which patients were taking their assigned study medication. All patients received a 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist antiemetic on Day 1 of all cycles. Patients took three capsules of ginger (250 mg) or placebo twice daily for 6 days starting 3 days before the first day of chemotherapy. Patients reported the severity of nausea on a 7-point rating scale ("1" = "Not at all Nauseated" and "7" = "Extremely Nauseated") for Days 1-4 of each cycle. The primary outcomes were to determine the dose and efficacy of ginger at reducing the severity of chemotherapy-induced nausea on Day 1 of chemotherapy.

RESULTS:

A total of 576 patients were included in final analysis (91% female, mean age = 53). Mixed model analyses demonstrated that all doses of ginger significantly reduced acute nausea severity compared to placebo on Day 1 of chemotherapy (p = 0.003). The largest reduction in nausea intensity occurred with 0.5 g and 1.0 g of ginger (p = 0.017 and p = 0.036, respectively). Anticipatory nausea was a key factor in acute chemotherapy-induced nausea (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Ginger supplementation at a daily dose of 0.5 g-1.0 g significantly aids in reduction of the severity of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea in adult cancer patients.

PMID:
21818642
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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