Een studie bij 14 patiënten met prostaatkanker die allemaal een recidief hadden gekregen na eerder te zijn bestraald bewijst dat het toepassen van PDT - fotodynamische therapie) - een succesvolle behandeling kan zijn. Bij meer dan de helft van de 14 patiënten daalde de PSA waarde drastisch. Bij 5 patiënten werd na een biopt geen kanker meer aangetoond en 2 patiënten bleken na de behandeling met PDT volkomen kankervrij. Wel werden bijverschijnselen als verminderde sexuele activiteit en spontaan urineverlies bij enkele patiënten gezien, maar deze waren goed behandelbaar en niet ernstiger dan bij andere vormen van behandelen zoals operatie en cryosurgery. Wie meer wil lezen over een nieuwe vorm van PDT de zogenaamde CLT , waar andere stoffen worden gebruikt om het effect van de lichtstralen te verhogen leest dat op deze pagina. Hieronder het persbericht zoals dat bij Reuters verscheen.

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Researchers may have added prostate cancer to the list of cancers that can benefit from photodynamic therapy (PDT), which combines drugs and light to treat cancer and other conditions.

Timothy R. Nathan of the University College London Hospital in the UK and his colleagues report that most patients treated with PDT, whose prostate cancer had returned following radiation treatment, appear to benefit from the new therapy. Specifically, the authors report, more than half of treated patients experienced a decrease in their blood levels of PSA, a protein produced by the prostate gland that is often elevated in the presence of prostate cancer. In addition, more than one third of PDT-treated men showed no trace of cancer from a post-treatment biopsy.

"Photodynamic therapy is a new option that could be suitable for organ confined prostate cancer recurrence after radiotherapy," Nathan and his team write. "These results suggest that photodynamic therapy merits further investigation," they add. PDT is a two-step therapy that is already being used to treat head and neck cancers, especially esophageal cancers. The first step is to give the patient a light-activated drug such as Photofrin, which tends to collect in tumors. The drug makes the abnormal tissue particularly sensitive to light. The second step is to shine a laser light on the drug-saturated tumors for a brief period of time. There are several PDT drugs available, and each is activated by different wavelengths of light. Recent reports have suggested that PDT may also help treat cancers of the pancreas, lung and breast.
During the current study, Nathan and his team administered PDT to 14 men. All patients had prostate cancer that had returned following treatment with radiation, as indicated by an increase in PSA and results from a biopsy. After the procedure, the researchers noted that PSA levels decreased in 9 patients, reaching undetectable levels in 2 patients. Biopsies of 5 patients showed that they were tumor-free. Scans showed that PDT had destroyed up to 91% of the prostate tissue. A few of the patients experienced side effects after the treatment, Nathan and his team note. Four of the men reported stress incontinence, meaning they leaked urine as a result of laughing, coughing, sneezing or exercise, which began to gradually improve over time. Seven of the participants were able to have intercourse before PDT, and 4 reported a decrease in their abilities after receiving light therapy. This side effect did not appear to diminish over time, the authors report in the October issue of the Journal
of Urology. Complications were no worse among the patients than among studies of patients given surgery or cryotherapy to treat prostate tumors that had returned after treatment. And, the researchers note, complications could be reduced by dosage adjustments. Nathan and other researchers involved in the study have a financial interest in or other financial relationship with Scotia Pharmaceuticals, the company that makes the drug used in the study.

SOURCE: Journal of Urology 2002;168:1427-1432.

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