8 juni 2011: Bron: The Lancet

Zometa - Zoledronic Acid gegeven naast Tamoxifen en/of Arimidex (anastrozole) bewijst opnieuw een gunstig effect te hebben op de ziektevrije tijd en overall overlevingskansen van borstkankerpatienten met hormoongevoelige borstkanker. The Lancet publiceert deze week de resultaten uit een grote gerandomiseerde fase III studie. In de linkerkolom kunt u veel meer vinden over Zometa - Zoledronic Acid dus ik beperk me hier tot het abstract van deze laatste studie. Overigens is ook Medscape positief over deze studie. Klik voor Medscape artikel hier.

Bron The Lancet

Adjuvant endocrine therapy plus zoledronic acid in premenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer: 62-month follow-up from the ABCSG-12 randomised trial

Prof Michael Gnant MD a Corresponding AuthorEmail Address, Brigitte Mlineritsch MD b, Herbert Stoeger MD c, Gero Luschin-Ebengreuth MD c, Dietmar Heck MD d, Christian Menzel MD b, Prof Raimund Jakesz MD a, Michael Seifert MD a, Michael Hubalek MD e, Gunda Pristauz MD c, Thomas Bauernhofer MD c, Holger Eidtmann MD f, Prof Wolfgang Eiermann MD g, Guenther Steger MD a, Werner Kwasny MD h, Peter Dubsky MD a, Gerhard Hochreiner MD i, Ernst-Pius Forsthuber MD j, Christian Fesl PhD k, Prof Richard Greil MD b, on behalf of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group, Vienna, Austria



Analysis of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group trial-12 (ABCSG-12) at 48 months' follow-up showed that addition of zoledronic acid to adjuvant endocrine therapy significantly improved disease-free survival. We have now assessed long-term clinical efficacy including disease-free survival and disease outcomes in patients receiving anastrozole or tamoxifen with or without zoledronic acid.


ABSCG-12 is a randomised, controlled, open-label, two-by-two factorial, multicentre trial in 1803 premenopausal women with endocrine-receptor-positive early-stage (stage I—II) breast cancer receiving goserelin (3·6 mg every 28 days), comparing the efficacy and safety of anastrozole (1 mg per day) or tamoxifen (20 mg per day) with or without zoledronic acid (4 mg every 6 months) for 3 years. Randomisation (1:1:1:1 ratio) was computerised and based on the Pocock and Simon minimisation method to balance the four treatment arms across eight prognostic variables (age, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, pathological tumour stage; lymph-node involvement, type of surgery or locoregional therapy, complete axillary dissection, intraoperative radiation therapy, and geographical region). Treatment allocation was not masked. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (defined as disease recurrence or death) and analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00295646; follow-up is ongoing.


At a median follow-up of 62 months (range 0—114·4 months), more than 2 years after treatment completion, 186 disease-free survival events had been reported (53 events in 450 patients on tamoxifen alone, 57 in 453 patients on anastrozole alone, 36 in 450 patients on tamoxifen plus zoledronic acid, and 40 in 450 patients on anastrozole plus zoledronic acid). Zoledronic acid reduced risk of disease-free survival events overall (HR 0·68, 95% CI 0·51—0·91; p=0·009), although the difference was not significant in the tamoxifen (HR 0·67, 95% CI 0·44—1·03; p=0·067) and anastrozole arms (HR 0·68, 95% CI 0·45—1·02; p=0·061) assessed separately. Zoledronic acid did not significantly affect risk of death (30 deaths with zoledronic acid vs 43 deaths without; HR 0·67, 95% CI 0·41—1·07; p=0·09). There was no difference in disease-free survival between patients on tamoxifen alone versus anastrozole alone (HR 1·08, 95% CI 0·81—1·44; p=0·591), but overall survival was worse with anastrozole than with tamoxifen (46 vs 27 deaths; HR 1·75, 95% CI 1·08—2·83; p=0·02). Treatments were generally well tolerated, with no reports of renal failure or osteonecrosis of the jaw. Bone pain was reported in 601 patients (33%; 349 patients on zoledronic acid vs 252 not on the drug), fatigue in 361 (20%; 192 vs 169), headache in 280 (16%; 147 vs 133), and arthralgia in 266 (15%; 145 vs 121).


Addition of zoledronic acid improved disease-free survival in the patients taking anastrozole or tamoxifen. There was no difference in disease-free survival between patients receiving anastrozole and tamoxifen overall, but those on anastrozole alone had inferior overall survival. These data show persistent benefits with zoledronic acid and support its addition to adjuvant endocrine therapy in premenopausal patients with early-stage breast cancer.

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