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Hyperthermie en bestraling bij baarmoederhalskanker stadium III en IV zorgt voor 77% complete remissies en 47% 5 jaars overlevingen. Dit blijkt uit een nadere analyse van de patienten die niet aan de gerandomiseerde studie meededen opgezet en uitgevoerd door o.a. Het Erasmus Medisch Centrum Rotterdam bij o.a. Coby van der Zee. Hier het abstract van de studie. Zie ook andere abstract van de gerandomiseerde fase III studie op deze pagina
Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
PURPOSE: To report response rate, pelvic tumor control, survival, and late toxicity after treatment with combined radiotherapy and hyperthermia (RHT) for patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma (LACC) and compare the results with other published series.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 1996 to 2005, a total of 378 patients with LACC (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IB2-IVA) were treated with RHT. External beam radiotherapy (RT) was applied to 46-50.4 Gy and combined with brachytherapy. The hyperthermia (HT) was prescribed once weekly. Primary end points were complete response (CR) and local control. Secondary end points were overall survival, disease-specific survival, and late toxicity. Patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics predictive for the end points were identified in univariate and multivariate analyses.
RESULTS: Overall, a CR was achieved in 77% of patients. At 5 years, local control, disease-specific survival, and incidence of late toxicity Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Grade 3 or higher were 53%, 47%, and 12%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, number of HT treatments emerged as a predictor of outcome in addition to commonly identified prognostic factors.
CONCLUSIONS: The CR, local control, and survival rates are similar to previously observed results of RHT in the randomized Dutch Deep Hyperthermia Trial. Reported treatment results for currently applied combined treatment modalities (i.e., RT with chemotherapy and/or HT) do not permit definite conclusions about which combination is superior. The present results confirm previously shown beneficial effects from adding HT to RT and justify the application of RHT as first-line treatment in patients with LACC as an alternative to chemoradiation.
PMID: 18990505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ASTRO’s Official Journal Publishes Data from Treatment of 378 Additional Patients, with Results Similar to Prior Landmark Study of Hyperthermia Therapy and Cervical Cancer
SALT LAKE CITY, December 10, 2008—BSD Medical Corporation (NASDAQ:BSDM) today announced that a report entitled, “Radiotherapy and Hyperthermia for Treatment of Primary Locally Advanced Cervix Cancer: Results in 378 Patients” has been published in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics (IJROBP, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.03.072 [Epub ahead of print]). The report lends major support to the results from a landmark study on the use of hyperthermia therapy as a companion to radiation for treating advanced cervical cancer patients in that the results from this large follow-up population of patients were similar to those observed in the original study. The publication (IJROBP), commonly known as the “Red Journal,” is the official journal of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), the world’s leading professional organization devoted to radiation oncology.
The study reported the results from 378 locally advanced cervical carcinoma patients who were treated with combined radiation and hyperthermia therapy delivered using the BSD-2000 by BSD Medical Corporation. (The BSD-2000 is an investigational device in the US that is limited to investigational use.) The patients were in the advanced stages of cervical cancer. Almost half the patients (49%) had Stage IIIB/IVA tumors, 30% had evidence of positive lymph nodes on CT scan and 93% had a tumor larger than 6 cm measured on CT scan, which are very negative prognostic indicators for outcome. In spite of the advanced nature of their disease, the researchers reported that 77% of the patients treated had a complete response rate (disappearance of the tumor) (95% confidence interval , 73–81). The five year follow-up data demonstrated a pelvic tumor control rate of 53% (95% CI, 48–59) and a disease-specific survival rate of 47% (95% CI, 41–53). The overall survival rate was 40% at 5 years (95% CI, 34–46).
The researchers compared the current study results to the study results of the randomized Phase III cancer study comparing the effectiveness of hyperthermia and radiation to radiation treatments alone, which was published in The Lancet in April 2000, designated as the Dutch National Deep Hyperthermia study (DDH) addressing pelvic tumors. This original study also included patients with advanced cervical cancer who had negative prognostic indicators for response. The results from the current 378 patient study demonstrated efficacy comparable to the original DDH study data with no evidence of safety issues beyond those expected with RT alone. The complete response rate was 77% in the post-DDH study as compared to 83% in the author’s analysis of the original DDH study. Similarly, five-year disease specific survival was 47% with the new data versus 46% in the original study. One year after treatment, the incidence of grade ≥ 3 late toxicity was 6%, which is the same incidence reported for RT alone.
Radiation Treatments with and without Hyperthermia Therapy
The randomized phase III Dutch Deep Hyperthermia Study was first published showing 3-year data and comparing results for patients treated with radiation plus hyperthermia therapy to those treated with radiation alone. For cervical cancer patients, the author’s analysis data showed a complete-response rate of 83% for patients receiving both hyperthermia and radiation therapy as compared to 57% for those receiving radiation alone (p=.003), noting also that “the improved local-control rates were not accompanied by increased toxic effects from radiation.” Survival follow-up data showed a 51% survival rate for patients who received radiation plus hyperthermia therapy, as compared to 27% of those who received radiation therapy alone (LANCET vol. 355, pp. 1119-1125).
The study was coordinated by the Departments of Radiation Oncology and Trials and Statistics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Eramus Medical Center is renowned internationally for its expertise in the fields of clinical sciences, health sciences and biomedical sciences and is the largest center in Europe for knowledge development, training and care in the field of sickness and health.
- Baarmoederkanker: Hyperthermie naast bestraling en chemotherapie verbetert ziektevrije overleving 10,2%, kans op een recidief 9% en overall overleving +13% bij baarmoederkanker
- Baarmoederhalskanker: Hyperthermie als aanvulling op bestraling van baarmoederhalskanker stadium II en III geeft significant veel minder bijwerkingen dan bestraling alleen
- Baarmoederkanker en hyperthermie: Hyperthermie als aanvulling op bestraling van kanker aan de baarmoeder geeft geen positief resultaat in vergelijking met controlegroep. Meer ernstige bijwerkingen - graad 2 en 3 - in hyperthermiegroep zorgen zelfs voor ne
- Baarmoederhalskanker: Hyperthermie in combinatie met chemo/bestraling bij baarmoederhalskanker heeft groot effect - significant - op overlevingsduur en maakt inoperabele patienten weer operabel met grote kans op definitieve genezing
- Baarmoederhalskanker:: Hyperthermie aanvullend naast combinatie behandeling van chemo/cisplatin bij gevorderde baarmoederhalskankerpatiënten zorgt voor significant betere resultaten bij mede in Nederland uitgevoerde fase III studie.
- Baarmoederhalskanker: .Hogere dosering van hyperthermie intensiteit en behandelingstijd vergroten effect van hyperthermie naast bestraling van gevorderde baarmoederhalskanker.
- Baarmoederhalskanker: Hyperthermie aanvullend naast combinatie behandeling van chemo en bestraling bij gevorderde baarmoederhalskankerpatiënten stadium III en IV zorgt voor 77% complete remissies en 47% 5-jaars overlevingen
- Baarmoederkanker: Hyperthermie aanvullend naast bestraling bij gevorderde baarmoederhalskankerpatiënten zorgt ook op langere termijn (12 jaar) voor significant betere resultaten.