26 maart 2009: Bron: BBC news

BBC news meldt dat een kleine experimentele studie bij 27 prostaatkankerpatienten gepubliceerd in de British Journal of Cancer (BJC) heeft uitgewezen dat extra vitamine D zowel preventief als therapeutisch een positief effect kan hebben bij prostaatkanker.  Van de 26 mannen die gewoon vitamine D2 bij de apotheker kochten reageerden er 5 positief op dit supplement. Bij 2 ervan zakte de PSA met meer dan de helft, bij 2 mannen zakte de PSA 25 tot 50% en bij 1 man met minder dan 25%. De effecten bleven bij 1 man 3 jaar lang. Dus op zich is dit niet zulk verbijsterend nieuws. Echter ik heb ook een grote overzichtstudie gevonden en die bevestigt dat vitamine D inname, de hoeveelheid vitamine D circulerend in het bloed en blootstelling aan zonlicht wel degelijk van invloed is op het thearapeutisch verloop en preventie van prostaatkanker. Hier achtereenvolgens het abstract van deze grote studie, het volledige studieverslag is te lezen onder deze link en het artikel op BBC news website.

1: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2009 Apr 7.

Vitamin D and prostate cancer risk: a review of the epidemiological literature.

1Cancer Treatment Centers of America(R) at Midwestern Regional Medical Center, Zion, IL, USA.

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. Prostate cells contain vitamin D receptors as well as enzymes necessary for vitamin D metabolism. Vitamin D metabolites have an antiproliferative and a pro-differentiating effect on prostate cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. As a result, there has been an emerging interest in the potential role of vitamin D in the etiology of prostate cancer. This review summarizes all available epidemiological literature on the association between dietary vitamin D, circulating levels of vitamin D and sunlight exposure in relation to prostate cancer risk. To place these studies in context, we also provide some background information on vitamin D, such as its dietary sources, metabolism, optimal levels, hypovitaminosis and relationship with the prostate.Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases advance online publication, 7 April 2009; doi:10.1038/pcan.2009.7.

PMID: 19350051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

 

Bron: BBC news
 
Vitamin D hope in prostate cancer

By Emma Wilkinson
BBC News health reporter

Vitamin D is an effective treatment for prostate cancer in some patients, a UK study suggests.

A once daily dose reduced PSA level - an indicator of severity of disease - by as much as half in 20% of patients.

There has been much interest in vitamin D in prostate cancer after studies linking risk of the disease to sunlight exposure, the researchers said.

One expert agreed the findings were encouraging but said it needed to be tested in a bigger population.

The trial - results of which are due to be published in the journal BJU International - was set up after one patient got better when his wife bought him some vitamin D tablets.

 

Professor Jonathan Waxman, said the example had prompted him to assess the effects in a wider group of patients.

Out of 26 men with recurrent prostate cancer, who took a daily dose of vitamin D2 bought from the chemist, five responded to the treatment.

In two the PSA level, fell by more than half, in two by 25-50% and in one man it fell by less than 25%.

The effects in one man were sustained for 36 months.

Welcome addition

Study leader Professor Jonathan Waxman, from Imperial College London, said vitamin D therapy was effective and well-tolerated.

"It's very interesting - there has been no significant trial of vitamin D.

"This is a treatment which is unlikely to have significant toxicity and is a welcome addition to the therapeutic options for patients with prostate cancer."

He agreed that a further trial in a larger number of patients, comparing vitamin D with a dummy pill was warranted.

One theory is that vitamin D interferes with the effect of the androgen receptor, which is stimulated by hormones such as testosterone and implicated in prostate cancer.

John Neate, chief executive of The Prostate Cancer Charity, said it was not the first study looking at vitamin D in the disease but a consensus on the benefits had not been reached.

"This small scale study investigating the use of vitamin D as a 'stand alone' treatment for men with progressive prostate cancer provides a valuable additional perspective.

"Many men with prostate cancer may wonder whether they should take vitamin D supplements to control their disease.

"This study does not answer that question, but maintaining a good level of vitamin D is recommended as part of a generally healthy lifestyle.

"The role of supplements in the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer is an area which deserves a greater level of research attention."

Professor Malcolm Mason, Cancer Research UK prostate cancer expert based at Cardiff University agreed the results were encouraging but more evidence was needed.

"We advise men with prostate cancer to consult their doctor before taking vitamin D supplements."


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