5 december 2010: hoewel jaren geleden werd voorspeld dat Velcade - Boprtezomib ook bij prostaatkankerpatienten met gevorderde prostaatkanker en resistent voor hormoontherapie werkzaam zou zijn lijkt dit toch voorbarig te zijn geweest. Althans wij kunnen nergens studies vinden die de werkzaamheid van alleen Velcade bij prostaatkankerpatienten significant aantoont. Wel een heleboel laboratorium- en dierstudies maar dit is de meest recente studie uit 2007 bij prostaatkankerpatienten en deze geeft teleurstellende resultaten. Daaronder een abstract van Velcade samen met Zometa en deze geeft wel enig effect maar is een fase I studie en nog weinig van te zeggen. Zometa alleen is wel effectief gebleken bij prostaatkanker als werkzaam middel tegen botuitzaaiingen en botafbraak.
J Urol. 2007 Dec;178(6):2378-83; discussion 2383-4. Epub 2007 Oct 22.
A phase II trial of bortezomib and prednisone for castration resistant metastatic prostate cancer.
Department of Medicine (Genitourinary Oncology Service), Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.
PURPOSE: We defined the antitumor effects of bortezomib alone and in combination with prednisone in patients with progressive, castration resistant metastatic prostate cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 men with progressive castration resistant disease were treated in 2 groups. Cohort 1 received 1.5 mg/m2 bortezomib intravenously twice weekly for 2 cycles (2 weeks on and 1 week off), followed by 1.6 mg/m2 weekly (4 weeks on and 2 weeks off). Prednisone (10 mg) was given orally throughout. Cohort 2 comprised patients with limited chemotherapy exposure who received a decreased dose of bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2) during the induction period with prednisone added only at disease progression. The primary end point was no evidence of disease progression at 12 weeks, defined as no increase in prostate specific antigen from baseline and no radiographic progression. Interleukin-6 was assessed to correlate with antitumor effects.
RESULTS: One of 24 evaluable patients (4%) achieved the primary end point. In cohort 1, 18 patients were treated, 13 were evaluable for response and 4 discontinued treatment due to toxicities, including 3 before attaining the point of being evaluable. No patient achieved the primary end point. In cohort 2, 12 patients were treated and 11 were evaluable for response. Toxicity was slightly mitigated compared with that in cohort 1. One patient achieved the primary end point. Interleukin-6 did not correlate with posttreatment prostate specific antigen changes in either cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Although interleukin-6 and other pathways regulated by nuclear factor-kappa B may be legitimate targets, treatment with bortezomib alone and with prednisone does not appear to have significant antitumor effects in patients with castration resistant metastatic prostate cancer.
PMID: 17936848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Urology. 2007 Feb;69(2):347-51.
Phase II trial of gemcitabine, prednisone, and zoledronic acid in pretreated patients with hormone refractory prostate cancer.
Dipartimento di Endocrinologia e Oncologia Molecolare e Clinica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact on biochemical and objective response and on pain improvement of gemcitabine, prednisone, and zoledronic acid in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC), previously treated with docetaxel-based regimens.
METHODS: The patients were treated with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 every 14 days, prednisone 10 mg orally on days 1 to 7 and 14 to 21, and zoledronic acid every 4 weeks. Changes in prostate-specific antigen levels, tumor response, and toxicity were evaluated every month. The pain response, based on pain reduction and analgesic drug reduction, was assessed during therapy.
RESULTS: A total of 22 men (median age 65 years) were treated. Overall, 5 patients (23%) achieved a 50% or greater reduction in prostate-specific antigen level after two cycles; a partial response was observed in 1 (14%) of 7 patients with measurable disease, and 3 (43%) of 7 had stable disease. Of the 22 men, 23% had pain improvement. The most important hematologic toxicity was neutropenia (grade 3 in 18%).
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of gemcitabine, prednisone, and zoledronic acid appears to be associated with biochemical response, pain improvement, and good safety in pretreated patients with HRPC.
PMID: 17320676 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
23 februari 2005: Bron: forum van prostaatkankerpatiënten
Het bedrijf Millenium kwam eind 2001 - met het opzienbarende bericht dat LPD-341- Velcade in een trial met patiënten met Multiple Myeloma (Kahler) voor zeer opzienbare remissie zorgde. Er werd toen gesproken over 85% remissie. Daarna kwam Millennium naar buiten, zie hierboven, met studies bij dieren met andere kankersoorten met Velcade. Nu komt Millennium naar buiten met de eerste resultaten van fase I en II trials bij prostaatkankerpatiënten met Velcade en opnieuw bewijst Velcade alleen of in combinatie met Docetaxel en wel en geen steroïden, een veelbelovend middel te zijn, nu ook voor prostaatkankerpatiënten die een recidief kregen en gevorderde prostaatkanker hebben. Deze resultaten werden deze week gepresenteerd op een prostaatkankersymposium in Orlando. Hier een eerste publicatie over de verschillende resultaten met Velcade bij prostaatkankerpatiënten, gekopieerd van een forum/mailgroep voor prostaatkankerpatiënten waar wij lid van zijn.
. "Promising Findings" from Novel Antibody-Chemotherapeutic MLN2704 Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial.... PSA Rising, February 22, 2005. Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: MLNM) today announced results from a phase I clinical trial of MLN2704 in patients with advanced hormone-refractory prostate cancer. These results were presented at the 2005 Prostate Cancer Symposium taking place this week in Orlando, Fl.
The findings from this first in human MLN2704 single ascending dose trial indicated the molecule was well tolerated and produced sustained anti-tumor activity, including one patient who achieved a durable partial response in measurable disease for 11 months, as well as a sustained prostate specific antigen (PSA) decline of more than 50 percent. This patient received 14 doses prior to measurable disease progression at 47 weeks.
MLN2704 is composed of a deimmunized monoclonal antibody (MLN591) directed at prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) conjugated to the chemotherapeutic agent DM1.
"We are encouraged by these findings with MLN2704 in prostate cancer, and we are continuing to assess the dose and schedule," said David Schenkein, M.D., senior vice president, clinical research, Millennium. "These results allow us to continue to pursue this important area of unmet medical need, and we are hopeful that further development can lead to new therapeutic options for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer."
Interim data from the Company's ongoing multiple ascending dose trial evaluating MLN2704 in patients with prostate cancer has been accepted for presentation at the 41st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) scheduled for May 13-17 in Orlando, Fl.
Also presented at the meeting were results from two VELCADE studies in patients with progressive hormone-refractory prostate cancer: a phase I/II clinical trial of VELCADE in combination with docetaxel and a phase II study of VELCADE with and without steroids. The findings from the study evaluating VELCADE(R) (bortezomib) for Injection and 40mg docetaxel in combination weekly indicated the combination was well tolerated and showed promising activity.
Specifically, in the higher VELCADE dose cohort, there were two partial responses in 18 patients with measurable disease and there were confirmed PSA declines of at least 50 percent in 36 percent of the 28 evaluable patients.
VELCADE is being co-developed by Millennium and Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. Millennium is responsible for commercialization of VELCADE in the U.S.; Ortho Biotech and Janssen-Cilag are responsible for commercialization in Europe and the rest of the world. Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K. is responsible for Japan.
"We are continuing to evaluate the data from the VELCADE trials in the prostate cancer population to better assess and understand the activity we have seen in these and past trials," said Dr. Schenkein. "We anticipate finalizing our evaluation and determining next steps in prostate cancer with VELCADE later this year in collaboration with our partner, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C."
MLN2704 in patients with advanced androgen independent metastatic prostate cancer; updated results A single ascending dose phase I study of MLN2704, led by Howard I. Scher, M.D. at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, New York and Mario Eisenberger, M.D. at Johns Hopkins Oncology Center, Maryland enrolled 23 patients and examined the maximum tolerated dose, dose-limiting toxicity, pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity of MLN2704. Patients received MLN2704 at doses ranging from 18 to 343mg/m2. Responses in patients with measurable disease were evaluated based on the RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) criteria and confirmed four to six weeks after the first documentation of a complete or partial response. In addition, anti-tumor activity was evaluated based on a sustained PSA decline of at least 50 percent confirmed by two separate measurements at least four weeks apart. Dose escalation continued if no dose-limiting toxicity was observed. Investigators reported the following results:
Of 11 patients with measurable disease, one patient treated with a 264mg/m2 dose, achieved a durable partial response, including a PSA decline of more than 50 percent. This patient received 14 doses prior to measurable disease progression at 47 weeks; One additional patient, treated with a 343mg/m2 dose, achieved a PSA decline of more than 50 percent that persisted for 24 weeks; Four patients achieved stable disease;
Toxicities greater than grade three occurred in three patients including an episode of uncomplicated febrile neutropenia with lymphopenia and leukopenia, lymphopenia, and a transient grade three elevation in hepatic transaminases. No grade four toxicities were observed; and No immunogenicity was observed despite repeat dosing.
VELCADE(R) (bortezomib) for Injection in combination with docetaxel in patients with advanced androgen independent prostate cancer
A phase I/II study of VELCADE in combination with docetaxel, being led by Robert Dreicer, M.D., at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, examined the dose-limiting toxicities, maximum tolerated dose, and the effects on PSA levels of VELCADE and docetaxel, both given weekly for two out of three weeks, in patients with advanced androgen-independent prostate cancer. Two dose levels were expanded into phase II cohorts, one with VELCADE 1.3mg/m2 and docetaxel 40 mg/m2, the second with VELCADE 1.6mg/m2 and docetaxel 40 mg/m2.
Anti-tumor responses in patients with measurable disease were evaluated based on the RECIST criteria and confirmed four to six weeks after the first documentation of a complete or partial response. In addition, anti-tumor activity was evaluated based on a sustained PSA decline of more than 50 percent confirmed by two separate measurements at least four weeks apart.
In the cohort in which patients were treated with VELCADE 1.3mg/m2 and docetaxel 40 mg/m2: Of 25 evaluable patients, six patients (24 percent) achieved a confirmed PSA decline of more than 50 percent of which four patients achieved a confirmed PSA decline of at least 90 percent; and 100 percent of the 13 patients with measurable disease achieved either partial remission or stable disease, specifically three achieved partial remission.
In the cohort in which patients were treated with VELCADE 1.6mg/m2 and docetaxel 40 mg/m2: Of 28 evaluable patients, 10 (36 percent) had a PSA decline of more than 50 percent; 78 percent of 18 patients with measurable disease achieved partial remission or stable disease, specifically two patients achieved partial remission.
Adverse events observed included fatigue, gastrointestinal events, neuropathy, and hematologic toxicities.
VELCADE in combination with prednisone in patients with advanced androgen independent prostate cancer
A phase II study of VELCADE, led by Michael Morris M.D. and Howard I. Scher, M.D. at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, New York, NY enrolled 30 patients and examined the efficacy of VELCADE in patients with progressive androgen independent metastatic prostate cancer. Patients were treated in two groups, the first 12 patients receiving VELCADE 1.5mg/m2 twice weekly for two out of three weeks at induction with daily prednisone 10mg, and the next 18 patients receiving VELCADE 1.3mg/m2 on the same schedule at induction with prednisone 10mg upon progression. All patients received VELCADE 1.6 mg/m2 weekly as maintenance. Antitumor activity was evaluated based on imaging and measurement of PSA decline at six and twelve weeks. Investigators reported the following results from pooled cohorts:
,br> Of nine patients with measurable disease, two patients achieved stable PSA and stable scans at 12 weeks; Two patients had a stable PSA at 12 weeks but progressed radiographically; One patient in the higher dose group demonstrated a partial response on scans but PSA continued to rise;
Side effects included hematologic, metabolic and hepatic side effects, neuropathy, syncope, diarrhea and fatigue.
MLN2704 is composed of a deimmunized monoclonal antibody (MLN591) directed at prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) conjugated to the chemotherapeutic agent DM1. MLN2704 binds to PSMA, which is rapidly internalized into the cell delivering a lethal dose of chemotherapy directly to prostate cancer cells. Unlike the enzyme PSA which circulates in the blood, PSMA is a protein expressed on the cell surface of virtually all prostate cancer cells and its abundance on the cell surface increases as the disease progresses and becomes refractory to hormonal therapy. PSMA has little expression in normal tissues.
In April 2001, Millennium entered into an agreement with BZL Biologics, L.L.C., for the joint development and commercialization of antibody-based therapeutics targeting PSMA. Millennium currently has exclusive development and worldwide marketing rights to these products.
To develop MLN2704, Millennium conjugates the chemotherapeutic agent DM1 -- licensed from ImmunoGen, Inc. (Nasdaq: IMGN) -- to the MLN591 antibody, which targets PSMA. DM1 was developed by ImmunoGen specifically for antibody-directed delivery to tumor cells.
In December 2003, MLN-2704 was granted "Fast Track" status by FDA and has been selected for the Continuous Marketing Application Pilot 2 program. This latter innovative program is designed to facilitate scientific exchange and speed approval time.
About VELCADE(R) (bortezomib) for Injection
VELCADE is approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who have received at least two prior therapies and have demonstrated disease progression on the last therapy. The effectiveness of VELCADE is based on response rates. There are no controlled trials demonstrating a clinical benefit, such as improvement in survival.
VELCADE(R) (bortezomib) for Injection is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron, or mannitol.
Risks associated with VELCADE therapy include new or worsening peripheral neuropathy, orthostatic hypotension, congestive heart failure, gastrointestinal adverse events, thrombocytopenia, and tumor lysis syndrome.
Women of childbearing potential should avoid becoming pregnant while being treated with VELCADE.
In 228 patients who were treated with VELCADE 1.3 mg/m2/dose in phase II studies, the most commonly reported adverse events were asthenic conditions (65%), nausea (64%), diarrhea (51%), decreased appetite including anorexia (43%), constipation (43%), thrombocytopenia (43%), peripheral neuropathy (37%), pyrexia (36%), vomiting (36%), and anemia (32%). Fourteen percent of patients experienced at least one episode of Grade 4 toxicity, with the most common toxicities being thrombocytopenia (3%) and neutropenia (3%). A total of 113 (50%) of the 228 patients experienced Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) during studies. The most commonly reported SAEs included pyrexia (7%), pneumonia (7%), diarrhea (6%), vomiting (5%), dehydration (5%), and nausea (4%).
- VELCADE™ (bortezomib ) vanaf mei 2004 officieel geregistreerd medicijn tegen Kahler - Multiple Myeloma in Europa waaronder Nederland.
- Velcade - Bortezomib geeft hoog significant langere overleving voor Kahler - Multiple Myeloma
- Velcade - Bortezomib) geeft significant positief effect als eerste lijns behandeling bij Kahler - Multiple Myeloma
- Velcade - Bortezomib bij prostaatkankerpatiënten met recidief van gevorderde prostaatkanker: een paar studie resultaten
- Velcade - Bortezomib toont ook significante waarde bij vormen van non-Hodgkin aldus fase II studie
- Velcade - Bortezomib toont hoopgevende therapeutische waarde bij patiënten met een recidief van mantelcel lympfomen en daarnaast ook bemoedigende resultaten bij patiënten met recidief van andere B-cel lympfomen, aldus fase II studie bij 60 patiënten
- Velcade - Bortezomib: wat is dit voor middel en bij welke kankersoorten wordt het gebruikt: een overzicht van recente ontwikkelingen