Methods: This open-label, single-center and single-arm pilot study investigated the safety and efficacy of ASCT in tandem with CAR30 T-cell infusion in r/r CD30+ lymphoma. The primary endpoint was safety and key secondary endpoint was overall response rate, overall survival, progression-free survival, and duration of response.
Results: Five classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) patients and 1 anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) patient were enrolled. The median age was 24 years. No patient had prior ASCT. Three patients (50.0%) relapsed for ≥ 2 times and 3 patients (50.0%) had primary refractory diseases. All had a Deauville score of 4 or 5, and 5 patients (83.3%) had a stable or progressive disease (SD/PD) at enrollment. All patients received myeloablative chemotherapy and infused CD34-positive hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and CAR30 T cells in tandem, with a median dose of 3.9 ×106/kg and 7.6 ×106/kg, respectively. Five paitents presented with cytokine release syndrome (CRS), all of which were grade 1. No neurotoxicity was observed. All patients had successful HSCs engraftment and reached an objective response, including 5 (4 cHL and 1 ALCL, 83.3%) with a complete response (CR) and 1 with a partial response (PR). With a median follow-up of 20.4 (range, 12.1-34.4) months, all remained alive and maintained their responses.
Conclusion: Our work demonstrates the combined administration of ASCT and CAR30 T-cell therapy is well-tolerate and highly effective in r/r cHL and ALCL, even in PET-positive or chemorefractory patients who are expected to have inferior outcome after ASCT, although further large-scaled validation in prospective clinical trial is warranted.
Trial registration: The trial was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR, number ChiCTR2100053662).