1 juli 2015: Bron: J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Jun;30(6):976-84. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.2384.

Een studie die in principe niets met kanker heeft te maken maar wel aangeeft hoe belangrijk een goed dieet is. Wie een voedingspatroon heeft met veel groenten en fruit beschermt zichzelf daarmee tegen de kans op het breken van het heupbot. Iemand die elke dag eet met ca. 5 porties groenten en fruit daarin heeft 88% minder risico later een heup te breken dan iemand die eet met nagenoeg geen fruit of groenten. Meer dan 5 porties gaven geen extra bescherming

Dit blijkt uit een langjarig groot bevolkingsonderzoek in Zweden: the Cohort of Swedish Men (COSM) en women from the Swedish Mammography Cohort (SMC) bij totaal 75.591 mensen. 40,644 mannen en 34,947 vrouwen.

Hier het abstract van de studie: Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of hip fracture: a cohort study of Swedish men and women. Waarvan het volledige studierapport tegen betaling is in te zien.

A diet rich in fruits and vegetables may help prevent hip fractures, according to a study published this month in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Hip Fracture: A Cohort Study of Swedish Men and Women

  1. Liisa Byberg1,
  2. Andrea Bellavia2,
  3. Nicola Orsini2,
  4. Alicja Wolk2,* and
  5. Karl Michaëlsson1

Article first published online: 18 MAY 2015

DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.2384

ABSTRACT

Dietary guidelines recommend a daily intake of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables. Whether such intakes are associated with a lower risk of hip fracture is at present unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the dose-response association between habitual fruit and vegetable intake and hip fracture in a cohort study based on 40,644 men from the Cohort of Swedish Men (COSM) and 34,947 women from the Swedish Mammography Cohort (SMC) (total n = 75,591), free from cardiovascular disease and cancer, who answered lifestyle questionnaires in 1997 (age 45 to 83 years). Intake of fruits and vegetables (servings/day) was assessed by food frequency questionnaire and incident hip fractures were retrieved from the Swedish Patient Register (1998 to 2010). The mean follow-up time was 14.2 years. One-third of the participants reported an intake of fruits and vegetables of >5 servings/day, one-third reported >3 to ≤5 servings/day, 28% reported >1 to ≤3 servings/day, and 6% reported ≤1 serving/day. During 1,037,645 person-years we observed 3644 hip fractures (2266 or 62% in women). The dose-response association was found to be strongly nonlinear (p < 0.001). Men and women with zero consumption had 88% higher rate of hip fracture compared with those consuming 5 servings/day; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 1.88 (95% CI, 1.53 to 2.32). The rate was gradually lower with higher intakes; adjusted HR for 1 versus 5 servings/day was 1.35 (95% CI, 1.21 to 1.58). However, more than 5 servings/day did not confer additionally lower HRs (adjusted HR for 8 versus 5 servings/day was 0.96; 95% CI, 0.90 to 1.03). Similar results were observed when men and women were analyzed separately. We conclude that there is a dose-response association between fruit and vegetable intake and hip fracture such that an intake below the recommended five servings/day confers higher rates of hip fracture. Intakes above this recommendation do not seem to further lower the risk. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.


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